Колесные погрузчики для закладки отходов на полигонах

Полный каталог техники Cat Полный каталог машин
и оборудования
(pdf, 6.04 MB)
Специалисты компании Цеппелин Русланд помогут вам подобрать оптимальную модель колесного погрузчика для любых целей, будь то погрузка или перемещение материалов.
  • Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
  • Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    102/135
  • Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    12038
  • Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,1
  • Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
  • Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    102/135
  • Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    12038
  • Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,1
  • Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
  • Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    115/154
  • Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    13198
  • Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,3
  • Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
  • Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    136/182
  • Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    15191
  • Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,7
  • Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
  • Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    185/251
  • Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    18136
  • Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,7-4,4
  • Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
  • Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    285/251
  • Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    19123
  • Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,7-4,4
  • Двигатель
    C9.3 ACERT
  • Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    207/281
  • Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    23220
  • Вместимость ковша, м³
    3,2-7,4
  • Двигатель
    C9.3 ACERT
  • Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    222/301
  • Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    24897
  • Вместимость ковша, м³
    3,4-9,9
  • 924K WHA
    Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
    Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    102/135
    Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    12038
    Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,1
    Array
    (
        [PATH] => /sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
        [SCRIPT_NAME] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [REQUEST_URI] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [QUERY_STRING] => 
        [REQUEST_METHOD] => GET
        [SERVER_PROTOCOL] => HTTP/1.0
        [GATEWAY_INTERFACE] => CGI/1.1
        [REDIRECT_URL] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [REMOTE_PORT] => 53554
        [SCRIPT_FILENAME] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru/bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [SERVER_ADMIN] => support@zeppelin.ru
        [DOCUMENT_ROOT] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru
        [REMOTE_ADDR] => 3.88.220.93
        [SERVER_PORT] => 443
        [SERVER_ADDR] => 127.0.0.1
        [SERVER_NAME] => m.zeppelin.ru
        [SERVER_SOFTWARE] => Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS)
        [SERVER_SIGNATURE] => 
    Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at m.zeppelin.ru Port 443
    [HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING] => gzip [HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE] => en-US,en;q=0.5 [HTTP_ACCEPT] => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 [HTTP_USER_AGENT] => CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/) [HTTP_CONNECTION] => close [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PORT] => 443 [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO] => https [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR] => 3.88.220.93 [HTTP_HOST] => m.zeppelin.ru [REMOTE_USER] => [UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [HTTPS] => on [REDIRECT_STATUS] => 200 [REDIRECT_UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [REDIRECT_HTTPS] => on [FCGI_ROLE] => RESPONDER [PHP_SELF] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php [REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT] => 1560820791.0123 [REQUEST_TIME] => 1560820791 [argv] => Array ( ) [argc] => 0 [REAL_FILE_PATH] => /products/index.php )
    Запросить цену Сравнить модели
  • 928K WHA
    Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
    Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    102/135
    Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    12038
    Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,1
    Array
    (
        [PATH] => /sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
        [SCRIPT_NAME] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [REQUEST_URI] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [QUERY_STRING] => 
        [REQUEST_METHOD] => GET
        [SERVER_PROTOCOL] => HTTP/1.0
        [GATEWAY_INTERFACE] => CGI/1.1
        [REDIRECT_URL] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [REMOTE_PORT] => 53554
        [SCRIPT_FILENAME] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru/bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [SERVER_ADMIN] => support@zeppelin.ru
        [DOCUMENT_ROOT] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru
        [REMOTE_ADDR] => 3.88.220.93
        [SERVER_PORT] => 443
        [SERVER_ADDR] => 127.0.0.1
        [SERVER_NAME] => m.zeppelin.ru
        [SERVER_SOFTWARE] => Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS)
        [SERVER_SIGNATURE] => 
    Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at m.zeppelin.ru Port 443
    [HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING] => gzip [HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE] => en-US,en;q=0.5 [HTTP_ACCEPT] => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 [HTTP_USER_AGENT] => CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/) [HTTP_CONNECTION] => close [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PORT] => 443 [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO] => https [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR] => 3.88.220.93 [HTTP_HOST] => m.zeppelin.ru [REMOTE_USER] => [UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [HTTPS] => on [REDIRECT_STATUS] => 200 [REDIRECT_UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [REDIRECT_HTTPS] => on [FCGI_ROLE] => RESPONDER [PHP_SELF] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php [REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT] => 1560820791.0123 [REQUEST_TIME] => 1560820791 [argv] => Array ( ) [argc] => 0 [REAL_FILE_PATH] => /products/index.php )
    Запросить цену Сравнить модели
  • 930K WHA
    Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
    Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    115/154
    Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    13198
    Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,3
    Array
    (
        [PATH] => /sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
        [SCRIPT_NAME] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [REQUEST_URI] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [QUERY_STRING] => 
        [REQUEST_METHOD] => GET
        [SERVER_PROTOCOL] => HTTP/1.0
        [GATEWAY_INTERFACE] => CGI/1.1
        [REDIRECT_URL] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [REMOTE_PORT] => 53554
        [SCRIPT_FILENAME] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru/bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [SERVER_ADMIN] => support@zeppelin.ru
        [DOCUMENT_ROOT] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru
        [REMOTE_ADDR] => 3.88.220.93
        [SERVER_PORT] => 443
        [SERVER_ADDR] => 127.0.0.1
        [SERVER_NAME] => m.zeppelin.ru
        [SERVER_SOFTWARE] => Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS)
        [SERVER_SIGNATURE] => 
    Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at m.zeppelin.ru Port 443
    [HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING] => gzip [HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE] => en-US,en;q=0.5 [HTTP_ACCEPT] => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 [HTTP_USER_AGENT] => CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/) [HTTP_CONNECTION] => close [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PORT] => 443 [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO] => https [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR] => 3.88.220.93 [HTTP_HOST] => m.zeppelin.ru [REMOTE_USER] => [UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [HTTPS] => on [REDIRECT_STATUS] => 200 [REDIRECT_UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [REDIRECT_HTTPS] => on [FCGI_ROLE] => RESPONDER [PHP_SELF] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php [REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT] => 1560820791.0123 [REQUEST_TIME] => 1560820791 [argv] => Array ( ) [argc] => 0 [REAL_FILE_PATH] => /products/index.php )
    Запросить цену Сравнить модели
  • 938K
    Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
    Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    136/182
    Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    15191
    Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,7
    Array
    (
        [PATH] => /sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
        [SCRIPT_NAME] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [REQUEST_URI] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [QUERY_STRING] => 
        [REQUEST_METHOD] => GET
        [SERVER_PROTOCOL] => HTTP/1.0
        [GATEWAY_INTERFACE] => CGI/1.1
        [REDIRECT_URL] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [REMOTE_PORT] => 53554
        [SCRIPT_FILENAME] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru/bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [SERVER_ADMIN] => support@zeppelin.ru
        [DOCUMENT_ROOT] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru
        [REMOTE_ADDR] => 3.88.220.93
        [SERVER_PORT] => 443
        [SERVER_ADDR] => 127.0.0.1
        [SERVER_NAME] => m.zeppelin.ru
        [SERVER_SOFTWARE] => Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS)
        [SERVER_SIGNATURE] => 
    Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at m.zeppelin.ru Port 443
    [HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING] => gzip [HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE] => en-US,en;q=0.5 [HTTP_ACCEPT] => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 [HTTP_USER_AGENT] => CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/) [HTTP_CONNECTION] => close [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PORT] => 443 [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO] => https [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR] => 3.88.220.93 [HTTP_HOST] => m.zeppelin.ru [REMOTE_USER] => [UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [HTTPS] => on [REDIRECT_STATUS] => 200 [REDIRECT_UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [REDIRECT_HTTPS] => on [FCGI_ROLE] => RESPONDER [PHP_SELF] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php [REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT] => 1560820791.0123 [REQUEST_TIME] => 1560820791 [argv] => Array ( ) [argc] => 0 [REAL_FILE_PATH] => /products/index.php )
    Запросить цену Сравнить модели
  • 950L WHA
    Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
    Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    185/251
    Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    18136
    Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,7-4,4
    Array
    (
        [PATH] => /sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
        [SCRIPT_NAME] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [REQUEST_URI] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [QUERY_STRING] => 
        [REQUEST_METHOD] => GET
        [SERVER_PROTOCOL] => HTTP/1.0
        [GATEWAY_INTERFACE] => CGI/1.1
        [REDIRECT_URL] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [REMOTE_PORT] => 53554
        [SCRIPT_FILENAME] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru/bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [SERVER_ADMIN] => support@zeppelin.ru
        [DOCUMENT_ROOT] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru
        [REMOTE_ADDR] => 3.88.220.93
        [SERVER_PORT] => 443
        [SERVER_ADDR] => 127.0.0.1
        [SERVER_NAME] => m.zeppelin.ru
        [SERVER_SOFTWARE] => Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS)
        [SERVER_SIGNATURE] => 
    Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at m.zeppelin.ru Port 443
    [HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING] => gzip [HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE] => en-US,en;q=0.5 [HTTP_ACCEPT] => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 [HTTP_USER_AGENT] => CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/) [HTTP_CONNECTION] => close [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PORT] => 443 [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO] => https [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR] => 3.88.220.93 [HTTP_HOST] => m.zeppelin.ru [REMOTE_USER] => [UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [HTTPS] => on [REDIRECT_STATUS] => 200 [REDIRECT_UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [REDIRECT_HTTPS] => on [FCGI_ROLE] => RESPONDER [PHP_SELF] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php [REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT] => 1560820791.0123 [REQUEST_TIME] => 1560820791 [argv] => Array ( ) [argc] => 0 [REAL_FILE_PATH] => /products/index.php )
    Запросить цену Сравнить модели
  • 962L WHA
    Двигатель
    C7.1 ACERT
    Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    285/251
    Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    19123
    Вместимость ковша, м³
    2,7-4,4
    Array
    (
        [PATH] => /sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
        [SCRIPT_NAME] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [REQUEST_URI] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [QUERY_STRING] => 
        [REQUEST_METHOD] => GET
        [SERVER_PROTOCOL] => HTTP/1.0
        [GATEWAY_INTERFACE] => CGI/1.1
        [REDIRECT_URL] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [REMOTE_PORT] => 53554
        [SCRIPT_FILENAME] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru/bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [SERVER_ADMIN] => support@zeppelin.ru
        [DOCUMENT_ROOT] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru
        [REMOTE_ADDR] => 3.88.220.93
        [SERVER_PORT] => 443
        [SERVER_ADDR] => 127.0.0.1
        [SERVER_NAME] => m.zeppelin.ru
        [SERVER_SOFTWARE] => Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS)
        [SERVER_SIGNATURE] => 
    Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at m.zeppelin.ru Port 443
    [HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING] => gzip [HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE] => en-US,en;q=0.5 [HTTP_ACCEPT] => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 [HTTP_USER_AGENT] => CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/) [HTTP_CONNECTION] => close [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PORT] => 443 [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO] => https [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR] => 3.88.220.93 [HTTP_HOST] => m.zeppelin.ru [REMOTE_USER] => [UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [HTTPS] => on [REDIRECT_STATUS] => 200 [REDIRECT_UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [REDIRECT_HTTPS] => on [FCGI_ROLE] => RESPONDER [PHP_SELF] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php [REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT] => 1560820791.0123 [REQUEST_TIME] => 1560820791 [argv] => Array ( ) [argc] => 0 [REAL_FILE_PATH] => /products/index.php )
    Запросить цену Сравнить модели
  • 966L WHA
    Двигатель
    C9.3 ACERT
    Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    207/281
    Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    23220
    Вместимость ковша, м³
    3,2-7,4
    Array
    (
        [PATH] => /sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
        [SCRIPT_NAME] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [REQUEST_URI] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [QUERY_STRING] => 
        [REQUEST_METHOD] => GET
        [SERVER_PROTOCOL] => HTTP/1.0
        [GATEWAY_INTERFACE] => CGI/1.1
        [REDIRECT_URL] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [REMOTE_PORT] => 53554
        [SCRIPT_FILENAME] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru/bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [SERVER_ADMIN] => support@zeppelin.ru
        [DOCUMENT_ROOT] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru
        [REMOTE_ADDR] => 3.88.220.93
        [SERVER_PORT] => 443
        [SERVER_ADDR] => 127.0.0.1
        [SERVER_NAME] => m.zeppelin.ru
        [SERVER_SOFTWARE] => Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS)
        [SERVER_SIGNATURE] => 
    Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at m.zeppelin.ru Port 443
    [HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING] => gzip [HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE] => en-US,en;q=0.5 [HTTP_ACCEPT] => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 [HTTP_USER_AGENT] => CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/) [HTTP_CONNECTION] => close [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PORT] => 443 [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO] => https [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR] => 3.88.220.93 [HTTP_HOST] => m.zeppelin.ru [REMOTE_USER] => [UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [HTTPS] => on [REDIRECT_STATUS] => 200 [REDIRECT_UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [REDIRECT_HTTPS] => on [FCGI_ROLE] => RESPONDER [PHP_SELF] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php [REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT] => 1560820791.0123 [REQUEST_TIME] => 1560820791 [argv] => Array ( ) [argc] => 0 [REAL_FILE_PATH] => /products/index.php )
    Запросить цену Сравнить модели
  • 972L WHA
    Двигатель
    C9.3 ACERT
    Мощность двигателя, кВ/л.с.
    222/301
    Эксплуатационная масса, кг
    24897
    Вместимость ковша, м³
    3,4-9,9
    Array
    (
        [PATH] => /sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
        [SCRIPT_NAME] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [REQUEST_URI] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [QUERY_STRING] => 
        [REQUEST_METHOD] => GET
        [SERVER_PROTOCOL] => HTTP/1.0
        [GATEWAY_INTERFACE] => CGI/1.1
        [REDIRECT_URL] => /products/kolesnye-pogruzchiki-dlya-zakladki-otkhodov-na-poligonakh/
        [REMOTE_PORT] => 53554
        [SCRIPT_FILENAME] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru/bitrix/urlrewrite.php
        [SERVER_ADMIN] => support@zeppelin.ru
        [DOCUMENT_ROOT] => /var/www/u2348921/data/www/zeppelin.ru
        [REMOTE_ADDR] => 3.88.220.93
        [SERVER_PORT] => 443
        [SERVER_ADDR] => 127.0.0.1
        [SERVER_NAME] => m.zeppelin.ru
        [SERVER_SOFTWARE] => Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS)
        [SERVER_SIGNATURE] => 
    Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at m.zeppelin.ru Port 443
    [HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING] => gzip [HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE] => en-US,en;q=0.5 [HTTP_ACCEPT] => text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 [HTTP_USER_AGENT] => CCBot/2.0 (https://commoncrawl.org/faq/) [HTTP_CONNECTION] => close [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PORT] => 443 [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_PROTO] => https [HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR] => 3.88.220.93 [HTTP_HOST] => m.zeppelin.ru [REMOTE_USER] => [UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [HTTPS] => on [REDIRECT_STATUS] => 200 [REDIRECT_UNIQUE_ID] => XQg8Nh8fxPYAAJKrxY4AAABI [REDIRECT_HTTPS] => on [FCGI_ROLE] => RESPONDER [PHP_SELF] => /bitrix/urlrewrite.php [REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT] => 1560820791.0123 [REQUEST_TIME] => 1560820791 [argv] => Array ( ) [argc] => 0 [REAL_FILE_PATH] => /products/index.php )
    Запросить цену Сравнить модели